In the Shadow of Catastrophe

One of the reasons the water industry is so interesting is that it deals with fundamental questions of human nature.

I know, I know, that’s not Heidegger out there reading your meter or fixing the leak in your street or turning a valve or fitting a pipe. Though, if it’s an August afternoon when the sun’s so bloody hot it’s softening the asphalt, he may well be wondering just what exactly he’s doing with his life. He is, however, ensuring that at least for the time being you don’t have to worry your own pretty little head about any Sartrian questions, either. For there’s nothing else in our cushy American lives that can cause us to confront our sense of civilization more effectively, nothing that shifts from a mundane fact of life to a visceral, animal need so quickly as water.

Or, more precisely, its absence when you turn the tap on and nothing comes out.

Just how rarely that happens in the US is a testament to how well those meter-readers and leak-fixers and valve-turners and pipe-fixers do their jobs (and how well those of us inside our cubicles and offices do ours, if I may be so bold).

But ultimately, it’s mostly due to a great streak of luck.

DeltaImageThis is the Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta east of San Francisco, home to California’s State Water Project, the largest publicly built water and power production/conveyance system in the States. Snow falls in the Sierra Nevada Mountains and runs off into the Delta, where, instead of flowing out to the Pacific via the San Francisco Bay, it’s diverted and pumped into the California Aqueduct, in which it flows 300-500 miles south to come out of faucets in Los Angeles, Riverside, Imperial and San Diego Counties.

It’s like Londoners turning on the tap and getting water from the Pyrenees.

aqueduct2Which is only slightly less impressive than the Roman aqueducts of yore.

25 million+ people drink State Water Project – SWP – water, and god only knows how many acres of citrus, avocados, strawberries, kale, cauliflower, celery, flowers, etcetera, etcetera, etcetera are watered with it.

Ventura, where I grew up, has been around a pretty long time, at least by West Coast standards, and has always subsisted off of the local rivers and the groundwater aquifers under the coastal plains. It still does, importing zero water from the SWP. The last person to try bringing western Ventura County water from LA was William Mulholland, long before the SWP. (It didn’t work out so well.) The rest of the county east of the City of Ventura, however, does not, and would still be little more than a few small dusty stops along a much-more-often-used railroad. Construction on the SWP started in the late 1950s, got a huge chunk of money in 1960, and was completed within a decade. The cities of Thousand Oaks, Camarillo, Simi Valley and Moorpark in eastern Ventura County were incorporated 1964, ’64, ’69, and ’83, respectively. Simi had only 10,000 residents when it incorporated; today it’s home to nearly 125,000 souls (read: vacuous corporeal forms).

Imported water brought these cities into the world, and imported water would take them out.

Or the lack of it would. But before I get to any fundamental human questions about what we’re willing to do to ensure our continued existence, let me widen our spacetime lens a little more to explain why imported water would ever disappear in the first place.

The Sacramento-San Joaquin River Delta is about 1,100 square miles and once had more than 500,000 acres of marshland. Since about, oh, 2300 BCE, it was home to about 15,000 people. The Spaniards and then the “Mexicans” moved in and raised those numbers a bit, but it wasn’t until the mid 19th century, when whatever failed 49ers didn’t die of malaria or dysentery realized the agricultural potential of the Delta, that the friendly neighborhood-minded white folk started streaming in and really kicked up the census numbers. Their idea, in good Anglo-Saxon fashion, was to maximize the shit outta the Delta’s potential, at whatever cost to those already there, and by whatever hook or crook they could find.

They started with by draining the Delta and building levees.

Pic: Edward Burtynsky, National Geographicfrom The Boston Globe

Levees, rivers, farms in the Delta.Pic: Edward Burtynsky, National Geographic
from The Boston Globe

For decades and decades the place expanded and people diverted more and more water around not only the famous paddies of California Long-Grain Rice, but also fields of corn, various grains, sugar beets, tomatoes, asparagus, etcetera – all by taking dirt, stones, wood, glass, concrete, sand, metal scrap, wagons, tractors, eventually cars, whatever, any and all agricultural, residential and industrial waste/material that was at hand and chucking it into a foundation and covering it with dirt and sometimes cementing and graveling the whole thing over. As all this crap rots and corrodes and does or does not settle, it leaves pockets in the levees, which is less than good for their structural integrity, leading many people to interpret reports by the Army Corps of Engineers to mean that portions of the Sac-SanJoaq Delta are worse off than Nawlins levees were pre-Katrina.

Which means, a little tremor here, a little tremor there, and kapow see ya later Delta system.

The fact that this hasn’t happened yet is what I meant about luck.

Because we all know The Big One’s coming, right? It’s certainly what every Californian says in response to every other act of god or nature anywhere else on the newsworthy planet.

“Man, d’you hear about Boulder?”

“The flooding? Yeah. Gnarly, right?”

“Really is. But, I mean, we’re due, man. We’re totally due.”

“For sure.”

But really, chances are pretty good that a quake is coming. So good that it’s a When formulation, not an If. The only if is whether it’s in the right place, or even the right general area, and it it’s the right strength. Because if it is, the Delta will fail, and parts of Southern California will. be. out. of. water.

And not just for, like, a couple hours till that guy with the blue collar comes and works and sweats in your street (and three of his buddies – er, “coworkers” – stand around watching) until things are fixed.

And there’s no real safeguard against that almost inevitable eventuality.

Yet. (we’re getting there)

drought1_3821Water wholesalers in eastern Ventura County, and most of the Greater LA Area, including parts of the OC and the Inland Empire, have decent amounts of storage, enough for about 6-9 months depending on usage and weather. But anything serious enough to take out the Delta for that long is going to take a lot longer than that to fix. Beyond that, LA and areas south and east of the city have or can get Colorado River water, meaning they’ll continue to at least be able to drink and eat and feed their pets and wash their children. Eastern Ventura County has no other source. None. There is no physical connection to the system that drains the Colorado River. The City of Ventura and Ojai aren’t going to send over any of their water – they have their own mouths and hippies and horses to keep hydrated and hygienic. And there isn’t much more than a couple months’s worth of even seriously reduced demand in our groundwater basins to support the entire area. And as of now, there aren’t any ocean desalination projects even being conceived around here (except right here, not At but inside the Wellhead, if you know what I mean). And, as an added benefit, all the farming that’s taken place over the years and all the groundwater pumping has led to such serious land subsidence that a lot of the Delta floor is 20, 25, even 30 feet below the tops of the levees, which happen to be right around sea level. Meaning if the ocean somehow backs up far enough past the Carquinez Strait and tips over into that low-lying Delta, it’ll set up a siphon like God’s own firehouse and turn those 1,100 square miles into the Great Salt Lake West.

And then sayonara basically everything. For years.

This isn’t fear-mongering or sensationalism. Ask anyone in the water industry about the Delta, and after seventeen or eighteen seconds of hemming and hawing, they’ll say, “Well, yeah, I mean, it’s basically fucked.”

Ask them what’s being done to prepare for it, and you’ll get a heavy sigh and a look that says, “Bro, we are so not on the clock right now, and I don’t want to think about work for the amount of time it’ll take to explain it to you.”

So I’m gonna save them the trouble – next week, when I get into that. I figure this is enough to digest for now, and a decent place to stop. The Fundamental Questions About Human Nature will also come next week, because they’re part of the solution. Or rather, the barrier to one being devised.

Till then, be well. And if you’re in SoCal, enjoy your shower – it may be the last one you take for a long, long time…

jk.

not really.

Go to Part II.

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5 thoughts on “In the Shadow of Catastrophe

  1. This is an example of you combining work and righting? Very interesting – as I didn’t know any of this – except the earthquake. California’s not the only place sitting on earthquake land. Here in Alaska, at least this southern bay area, earthquakes are a pretty normal event – fortunately not the “big” one – Do look forward to the second part of this article.

    • ianprichard says:

      I suppose it’s an example of “combining.” Writing things out certainly helps me to organize my thoughts, whether it’s Buddhism or what I do for a day job. I don’t suppose, though, that some if the diction here world translate back to the day job… It’s important to me to keep this historical perspective in mind. In fact, I think we could all benefit from a little bit bigger picture in pretty much everything we do. Hopefully that does transfer back to the waterworld.

      It’s interesting living in different/moving to a new natural disaster zone – I grew up with earthquakes, so they’re not troublesome when they happen (as long as they’re not TOOO big of course), but the idea of tornadoes and bad hurricanes still freaks me out.

  2. Jan says:

    Actually, the earthquake risk in the Delta is basically a scare tactic by water contractors to scare people to vote for their tunnels. There really is very little if any risk to the water supply from earthquakes. The nearest major active fault is about 60 miles away. In addition, there are no large active faults under the Delta itself. Plus the levees aren’t prone to collapse from earthquakes – none fell down during the huge 1906 or the more recent 1989 major quakes nearby. The BDCP has tried shaker tests to prove their point but the levees hold up quite well. Most levees are in reasonable shape and many have been raised/improved over the past years.

    Now, say an earthquake did affect some levees – not everything would fall down. Just won’t happen. Say though some islands did flood. That isn’t a significant issue for the water supply. When Jones Tract flooded in 2004 (the last island flood, by the way, 9 years ago so it’s not like things are falling apart in the Delta) – anyway, there was no salt water intrusion. No affect to pumping at all. It would be an issue for the communities in the Delta, the railroad, highways, etc. But not for the water supply.

    If a bunch of islands flooded during a dry period, the USGS estimates it would take 4 months or “maybe” up to 9 months until the fresh water flushed the salt water back out. Turning off the pumps for that amount of time is not a huge deal. There is plenty of water in the reservoirs to cover urban use for a year. The farmers might use too much ground water because they refuse to not keep expanding desert farms regardless. But again, not a huge issue for the state.

    If the islands flooded due to storm, well, that would be fresh water. No issue to the drinking water then.

    Besides earthquakes, you’re mixing a couple of other issues. It isn’t groundwater pumping that has led to Delta island subsidence and the subsidence isn’t as serious as stated. Some islands have subsided due to peat settling. Many have not or the farmers bring in new dirt periodically. But any subsidence isn’t caused from groundwater pumping. The Delta islands are watered from Delta water – pumped in and through the fields/orchards then pumped back out to the Delta to continue its flow. Groundwater is primarily used for some farm community drinking water and is monitored and not an issue up North.

    Where groundwater pumping is a problem is in the Central Valley to irrigate the desert farms there when there is a drought. They have more contracts for water than exists in the Delta, they plan to that higher-than-they-will-ever-get amount of water and then overuse the ground water when they don’t get what they “think” they should. They are the ones that are at risk of collapsing the aquifers in the Central Valley. That’s a more serious issue.

    • ianprichard says:

      Thanks for the corrections about groundwater pumping and land subsidence, Jan.

      I guess this is an example of the extent to which earthquake “scare tactics” have worked in the Southern California water industry. I’ve been working here for a few years, and this really is the way things are presented and understood.

      4-9 months (by USGS estimates, so probably double that) may not be a “huge issue for the state,” but if those months came any time outside of the Southern California “winter weather” (Dec-Mar), SoCal would be in real trouble. Our wholesaler has 6-9 months of “emergency” supply in storage – which is at 40-60% normal use.

      I know that y’all don’t consider SoCal’s potential water shortages a “state” problem, but Ventura County has at $1.6 billion ag industry – the sixth largest in the state, which is also the sixth largest in the country – and the county’s economic health is hit in direct proportion to whatever percentage of that farmland doesn’t get irrigated – same as anywhere.

      Maybe we or the powers that be or were should have figured out some other way of doing things, but they didn’t, and as of now ocean desal is not on the table as a realistic option. Hopefully it will be in a few years once this Poseidon plant in Carlsbad (http://carlsbaddesal.com/) proves feasible, but I’m as optimistic about that as you seem to be about the intentions of the BDCP.

      But again, thanks very much for your thoughts (and corrections). It’s good to interact with other points of view. I need it.

      Be well.

  3. […] If you didn’t see Part I, go check it out. […]

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